Prevalence and awareness of hypertension among Sudanese rural population, Sinnar State, Sudan, 2016

Badria A. Elfaki, Hassanat E. Mustafa, Mustafa K. Elnimeiri


Objective: The aim of this study to estimate the prevalence of hypertension and determine awareness among rural population.

Methods: Cross-sectional community based study, conducted in rural community. Population was the resident citizens in age of 25-64 years. A cluster sampling technique was used and total sample size mounted to 341 subjects. The collected data was cleaned, edited and analyzed using SPSS program.

Results: Prevalence of hypertension was 21.1%, systolic was 5.9% and diastolic hypertension was 10.0% with no significant differences among gender (p-value .409). About 59.7% of hypertensive subjects were unaware with their diagnosis, men were more awareness than women with proportion of 62.0% in men and 38.0% in women. Awareness with hypertension diagnosed was increased by increasing age, income and education. Most of known hypertensive subjects (86.20%) were on treatment. Approximately 80% of known hypertensive subjects were complained of signs and symptoms and 31.0% with complications. Also controlled blood pressure was 34.0% with proportion of 36.4% among women and 33.3% among men.

Conclusions: The study reflected high prevalence of hypertension, systolic and diastolic among rural population, also the level of awareness among hypertensive subjects generally was low; however the level of awareness among elder, educated was better and females were more control hypertension.

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Journal of Nursing Education and Practice

ISSN 1925-4040 (Print)   ISSN 1925-4059 (Online)

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