Validating the questionnaire of factors influencing creative process for RN-BSN students in Taiwan

Ya-Lie Ku, Pei-Yu Lee, Chin-Tang Tu, Man-Hua Shen, Chien-Lin Kuo


The purpose of this study was to validate the questionnaire of factors influencing creative process as a valid and reliable instrument. The previous study was to generate 100 items for a creative process based on the content analysis of qualitative data from interviewing 18 Taiwanese nurses who received awards during 2009-2010 for developing creative nursing products. The content validity of the questionnaire for creative process was assured by having it evaluated by 5 experts and through discussion with our research team. A pilot study was tested with 30 RN-BSN students, and the questionnaire was revised to comprise 50 items that focused on the factors influencing creative process. A formal survey of nursing schools was conducted using the 50 items of the factors influencing creative process by selecting RN-BSN students from various nursing programs in Taiwan. This study was conducted from August 2012 to July 2013. Following Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA), a total of 33 items of the factors influencing creative process were questions assessing the characteristics (9 items), abilities (10 items), barriers (7 items) , and motivation (7 items). Cronbach’s alpha values ranged from .86 to .92 for each scale, and the total explanation of variance ranged from 52.95% to 65.4%. Following the Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA), 27 items-4 subscales on the factors influencing creative process were indicated as a validated model with all χ2/p > 0.05, GFI > 0.9, RMR < 0.5, RMSEA < 0.5, AGFI > 0.9. The questionnaire aimed at evaluating the influencing factors of creative process, due to its good validity and reliability, was considered as a concise and useful tool. The factors influencing creative process should be able to measure four variables comprising of characters, abilities, barriers, and motivation changed over time at difference levels following the teaching course in their further education of creative thinking.

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Journal of Nursing Education and Practice

ISSN 1925-4040 (Print)   ISSN 1925-4059 (Online)

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