Who is at risk? The development of a tool to predict and prevent postpartum hemorrhage

Oliva Bazirete, Manassé Nzayirambaho, Aline Umubyeyi, Marie Chantal Uwimana, Evans Marilyn


Background: Postpartum hemorrhage remains the main cause of maternal mortality in Low and Middle Income Countries. There is a need to advocate for extra vigilance to recognize women at a greater risk and implement early intervention for Postpartum hemorrhage prevention. The purpose of the present study is to develop a content validated risk assessment tool for the prediction and prevention of Postpartum hemorrhage among childbearing women.

Methods: This study is drawn from a larger mixed method sequential exploratory study. Factors influencing the prevention of Postpartum hemorrhage were identified from a scoping review and qualitative descriptive studies previously conducted. To establish content validity Index of the instrument, content experts assessed each item of the tool for comprehensiveness, relevance, and face validity. The tool was pilot tested to assess its clinical utility by fifteen (15) health care providers purposively selected from one district hospital based on a minimum of one-year experience in maternity. Ethical considerations were observed.

Results: The Risk Assessment Tool went through three rounds of assessment for its content validity. The final round of quantification of the content validity demonstrates that 4 items out of 46 had an Item Content Validity Index (I-CVI) of 0.85 while 42 had the maximum I-CVI of 1. The overall Scale Content Validity Index/ Average (S-CVI/Ave) was 0.98, and the universal approach of Scale Content Validity Index/Universal Agreement (S-CVI/UA) was 0.91. The assessment of clinical utility of Risk Assessment Tool for the Prediction and Prevention of Postpartum hemorrhage among Childbearing women (RATP) demonstrates that its format allows easy recording of findings and using the tool can be an added value for prevention of PPH.

Conclusions: The risk assessment tool for the prediction and prevention of Postpartum hemorrhage is intended to be used by health care providers in Rwanda to identify mothers at risk of developing PPH and implement timely prevention strategies. The clinical use of the tool can be vital in the development of accurate preventive approaches by key policy makers in Rwanda in particular and in other developing countries.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5430/jnep.v11n4p62

Journal of Nursing Education and Practice

ISSN 1925-4040 (Print)   ISSN 1925-4059 (Online)

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