The enneagram model for nursing competencies development-An exploratory qualitative study

Michèle Desmarais, Ondina Galiano, Valerie Gazemar, Julie Fréchette


Background and objective: Nursing competencies can be enhanced by the development of emotional intelligence, which promotes self-knowledge. Personality models, such as the Enneagram model, have been used to develop self-knowledge, and thus may contribute to increasing emotional intelligence. However, few studies have examined perceptions of the use of the Enneagram model on nursing competencies. This qualitative study aims to explore the perceptions of nursing educators and advanced practice nurses about the impact of Enneagram model training on the development of their professional competencies.

Methods: This qualitative study used individual interviews and thematic analysis according to Miles and Huberman’s method. The nine participants were nursing educators and advanced practice nurses. Interviews were conducted between six and eight weeks after the Enneagram model training.

Results: Results revealed that the Enneagram model may contribute to developing emotional intelligence. Participants perceived the Enneagram model training as promoting better self-awareness and understanding of others. It could also support the development of nursing competencies: humanistic action, collaboration, clinical leadership and support for learning in practice settings.

Conclusions: The use of the Enneagram model could help nurses develop their emotional intelligence and optimize their practice while preserving their mental health. Implications for Nursing Administration: These findings are important for managers responsible for supporting nurses’ competencies and mental health through complex care situations in a context of change.

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Journal of Nursing Education and Practice

ISSN 1925-4040 (Print)   ISSN 1925-4059 (Online)

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