The Effect of International Currency Crises on the Balance of Payments: Evidence From Jordan

Tamer Rawashdeh, Mahmoud Al-Rdaydeh, Basem Hamouri


The effect of the international currency crises on the Jordanian balance of payments (BoP) between Q1-2000 and Q4-2017 was investigated in this paper. The currency crises are represented by the various exchange rates (ER) for the Japanese Yen, United States (US) Dollar, Euro Member Countries, China Renminbi, and the United Kingdom (UK) Pound with the Jordanian Dinar. In approximating the potential short-run and long-run associations among the different ER variations and the BoP, the ARDL bounds testing technique was employed. The empirical findings revealed that variation in the ER rate for EUR/JOD had a positive significant impact on the BOP for the short-run and long-run relation, whereas, opposingly, for the JPY/JOD, it had a negative significant impact on the BoP in the short-run and long-run relations. For other currencies, the results varied. Therefore, to reduce the effect of currency fluctuations and resultant crises on the BoP, over-reliance on the promotion and importation of goods and domestic export products should be avoided. As such, in the context of the Jordanian economy, the country needs to diversify. Accordingly, this can only be achieved if the economy is expanded along with advancing and developing entrepreneurial innovation supported by fiscal disciplines.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

International Journal of Financial Research
ISSN 1923-4023(Print)ISSN 1923-4031(Online)


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