Human Capital, Self-Efficacy and Firm Performance: A Study of Bumiputera SMEs in Malaysia

Nurul Naziha Zuhir, Ehsan Fansuree Surin, Hardy Loh Rahim


SMEs represent more than 90 percent of the establishment in many countries including Malaysia. However, from 98.5 percent of SMEs establishment, only 37 percent represent bumiputera SMEs. Human capital and self-efficacy are identified as internal factors of the organisation and function as a possible solution to address bumiputera SMEs’ difficulties. Hence, the primary objective of this study is to investigate the mediating effect of self-efficacy in the interaction between human capital and the SMEs performance in Malaysia. This study has investigated 203 Malay-owned small and medium enterprises. Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) was employed to analyse the data. The results demonstrated that human capital and self-efficacy influence each other and have a significantly positive impact on firm performance. Mediation simultaneously affirms that the relationship between human capital and firm performance is mediated by self-efficacy. This study concluded that these two internal factors can provide a holistic model to improve bumiputera SMEs performance in Malaysia.

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This journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

International Journal of Financial Research
ISSN 1923-4023(Print)ISSN 1923-4031(Online)


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