The Determinants Factors of an Effective Risk-Aware Culture of Firms in Implementing and Maintaining Risk Management Program

Zalina Zainudin, Shaharin Abdul Samad, Rana Altounjy


The borderless and intense global competition has contributed much to the dynamics of the business world. This dynamic business environment contributes significantly to the existence of risks. In general, risk is the effect of uncertainty, which can normally deviate a firm from achieving its planned goals and objectives. However, deviation is not necessarily bad as besides than affecting a firm negatively, it could also lead to a positive outcome for the firm. From the perspective of implementing and maintaining an effective risk management program, developing a risk-aware culture is one of the important factors for consideration. The importance of culture has been mentioned in the risk management standard, ISO 31000, and numerously, in published studies and articles. However, there are no definite indications tools for firms to develop and embed the risk-aware culture into their organisational culture. According to Chugh (2013), risk-aware culture is a set of values shared within the organisation. It entails acceptance and knowledge about the risks surrounding the organisation. As such, to ensure an effective implementation and maintenance of a risk management program, it is crucial for an organisation to have a risk-aware culture. Fundamentally, culture relates to human behaviour and this requires identification of human-related determinants relevant to develop a risk-aware culture. Hence, this study shall look into the determinants for developing and effective risk-aware culture within firms. This study review the literature on the determinants factors of effective risk-aware culture of the various published articles, online articles, and surveys done by reputed experts in this field. The finding of this study shall facilitate better understanding for firms to develop and maintain their own risk-aware culture, leading to an effective implementation and maintenance of their risk management program.

Full Text:



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

International Journal of Financial Research
ISSN 1923-4023(Print)ISSN 1923-4031(Online)


Copyright © Sciedu Press

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the '' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.