The female therapist and the client’s gender

Katja Kuusisto, Tytti Artkoski


Most Finnish substance abuse therapists are women, while the majority of clients are men. This study explores thegender-based differences in the therapeutic alliance, retention in therapy and outcomes between female therapists (N = 30)and their clients (N = 296, women 101, men 195) in outpatient treatment. Female clients were more likely to want a femaletherapist, whereas men did not express such preferences. The clients’ estimation of the therapeutic alliance differed at thefirst visit: female clients estimated it to be better than did men. The therapists’ estimations were not connected to client’sgender. The combination of a female therapist and a female client predicted a better therapeutic alliance during treatment,but there were no differences between male and female clients in long-term outcomes. The findings suggested that clientsreceived treatment of the same quality regardless of their gender.

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Clinical Nursing Studies
ISSN 2324-7940(Print)   ISSN 2324-7959(Online)

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