The Structure Comparison of Necessity Entrepreneurial Resource Support Networks Based on SNA

Yong Tang


Entrepreneurship is a process of collecting various resources to fulfill its new venture objectives. For necessity entrepreneurs in China, they more urgently need to get support from other agents through networked resource communication. In order to explore the resource network structure, this paper takes an entrepreneurial geographical agglomeration in Cangshupu of Hunan Province in China as a case, and chooses the actors who have the attributes of necessity entrepreneurship based on their Lunar New Year Greeting networks, and then constructs 3 different support networks (material support network, information support network and business exchange network respectively). After comparison analysis using Social Network Analysis, the results show that: 3 networks are generally in low density and long distance, and the density of material network is the sparsest because most contacts only happen among family members or localities; as for clique analysis, the number of cliques in material support network is much less than that in information support network and business support network; as for block analysis, there lacks a block with strong primary position to provide constant material in material support network, while information support network has a block that is taking the role of primary because information network is based on communications of time-honored and newly established actors, and business support network follows the rule of business processes so the simplified network is presented as a star symbol. We also give implication analysis and policy recommendation.

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Business and Management Research
ISSN 1927-6001 (Print)   ISSN 1927-601X (Online)

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